زمرہ: بین الاقوامی خبریں

بغداد، بش کو جوتے پڑگئے، یہ ہماری طرف سے الوداعی بوسہ ہے، حملہ آور عراقی صحافی

‏پیر‏، 15‏ دسمبر‏، 2008

بغداد(جنگ نیوز)اتوار کو بغداد میں عراقی وزیر اعظم نورالمالکی کے دفتر میں اس وقت صورتحال انتہائی مضحکہ خیز ہوگئی جب نیوزکانفرنس سے صدر بش کے خطاب کے دوران ایک صحافی نے صدربش کو مارنے کے لئے دو جوتے پھینکے تاہم صدر بش نے جھک کر اپنے آپ کو بچایا۔غیر ملکی خبر رساں ایجنسی کے مطابق اتوارکو عراق کے الوداعی دورے پر آئے صدر بش نے وزیر اعظم نورالمالکی کے ہمراہ بغداد میں واقع ان کے دفتر میں سیکیورٹی معاہدے پر دستخط کئے جس کے بعد دونوں رہنماوٴں نے پریس کانفرنس سے خطاب کیا ۔پریس کانفرنس کے دوران تیسری قطار میں بیٹھیالبغدادیہ ٹی وی چینل کے عراقی صحافی منتظر الذیدی نے اٹھ کر سخت الفاظ میں صدر بش کو مخاطب کرکے کہا ”کتے..!یہ الوداعی بوسہ ہے“،اس کے بعد صحافی نے اپنا ایک جوتا تیزی سے صدر بش کی جانب پھینکا ،صدر بش نے مہارت سے نیچے کی طرف جھکتے ہوئے اپنے آپ کو بچایا جبکہ پھینکا جانے والا دوسرا جوتا صدر بش کے پس منظر میں لہراتے ہوئے امریکی پرچم سے ٹکراگیا جس کے بعد سیکیورٹی اہلکاراس صحافی کو گھسیٹ کر باہر لے گئے۔بعد ازاں کچھ عراقی صحافیوں نے اپنی نشستوں سے اٹھ کر صدر بش سے معذرت کی ۔صدر بش نے اس موقع پر ظرافت کا مظاہرہ کرتے ہوئے صحافیوں سے کہا کہ اگر آپ اس حوالے سے کچھ پوچھیں گے تو میں اتنا ہی کہوں گا کہ جوتا 10نمبر کا تھاتاہم مجھے اس واقعے سے پریشانی ہوئی نہ ہی ذرہ برابر خوف آیا۔صدر بش نے کہا کہ انہیں سمجھ نہیں آئی کہ اس شخص نے ایسا کیوں کیا۔ 

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bush1 _____________________________________________________________

Bush’s Iraq-Afghan farewell tour marred by dissent

By JENNIFER LOVEN, AP White House Correspondent22 mins ago

KABUL, Afghanistan – President George W. Bush wrapped up a whirlwind trip to two war zones Monday that in many ways was a victory lap without a clear victory. A signature event occurred when an Iraqi reporter hurled two shoes at Bush, declaring: "This is from the widows, the orphans and those who were killed in Iraq.”

The president visited the Iraqi capital just 37 days before he hands the war off to his successor, Barack Obama, who has pledged to end it. The president wanted to highlight a drop in violence and to celebrate a recent U.S.-Iraq security agreement, which calls for U.S. troops to withdraw from Iraq by the end of 2011.

"The war is not over,” Bush said, but "it is decisively on its way to being won.”

Bush then traveled to Afghanistan where he spoke to U.S. soldiers and Marines at a hangar on the tarmac at Bagram Air Base. The rally for over a thousand military personnel took place in the dark, cold pre-dawn hours. Bush was greeted by loud cheers from the troops.

"Afghanistan is a dramatically different country than it was eight years ago,” he said. "We are making hopeful gains.”

But the president’s message on progress in the region was having trouble competing with the videotaped image of the angry Iraqi who hurled his shoes at Bush in a near-miss, shouting in Arabic, "This is your farewell kiss, you dog!” The reporter was later identified as Muntadar al-Zeidi, a correspondent for Al-Baghdadia television, an Iraqi-owned station based in Cairo, Egypt.

In Iraqi culture, throwing shoes at someone is a sign of contempt. Iraqis whacked a statue of Saddam with their shoes after U.S. Marines toppled it to the ground following the 2003 invasion.

Reaction in Iraq was swift but mixed, with some condemning the act and others applauding it. Television news stations throughout Iraq repeatedly showed footage of the incident, and newspapers carried headline stories.

In Baghdad’s Shiite slum of Sadr City, supporters of radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr called for protests against President Bush and demanded the release of the reporter, who was jailed after throwing his shoes. Thousands took to the streets Monday, chanting, "Bush, Bush, listen well: Two shoes on your head.”

The Iraqi government condemned the act and demanded an on-air apology from Al-Baghdadia television, the Iraqi-owned station that employs Muntadar al-Zeidi. The reporter was taken into custody and reportedly was being held for questioning by Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki‘s guards and is being tested for alcohol and drugs.

"It harmed the reputation of Iraqi journalists and Iraqi journalism in general,” according to a statement released by the government.

Other Arab journalists and commentators, fed up with U.S. policy in the Middle East and Bush’s decision to invade Iraq in 2003 to topple Saddam, echoed al-Zeidi’s sentiments Monday. Abdel-Bari Atwan, editor of the influential London-based newspaper Al-Quds Al-Arabi, wrote on the newspaper’s Web site that the incident was "a proper goodbye for a war criminal.”

After word spread of the shoe attack, Afghan reporters had gathered at the presidential palace in Afghanistan‘s capital, Kabul, before a news conference by Bush andAfghan President Hamid Karzai. Some of the reporters — a collegial bunch that sees one another several times a week — egged on one of their colleagues, jokingly trying to pressure the television reporter into taking off his shoe and hurling it once the U.S. president arrived. He did not.

Karzai’s deputy spokesman, Saimak Herwai, told Afghan reporters that they had to address Bush as "His Excellency,” an honorary title not typically used with U.S. presidents. The request was followed by some, not by others.

Bush then took a helicopter ride to Kabul to meet with Karzai.

After their meeting, Bush said he told Karzai: "You can count on the United States. Just like you’ve been able to count on this administration, you’ll be able to count on the next administration as well.”

The mixed reactions to Bush in both countries emphasized the uncertain situations Bush is leaving behind in the region.

In Iraq, nearly 150,000 U.S. troops remain in Iraq, protecting the fragile democracy. More than 4,209 members of the U.S. military have died and $576 billion has been spent since the war began five years and nine months ago. The Bush administration and even White House critics credit last year’s military buildup with the security gains in Iraq. Last month, attacks fell to the lowest monthly level since the war began in 2003.

In Afghanistan, there are about 31,000 U.S. troops and commanders have called for up to 20,000 more. The fight is especially difficult in southern Afghanistan, a stronghold of the Taliban where violence has risen sharply this year.

It was Bush’s last trip to the war zones before Obama takes office Jan. 20. Obama, a Democrat, has promised he will bring all U.S. combat troops back home from Iraq a little over a year into his term, as long as commanders agree a withdrawal would not endanger American personnel or Iraq’s security. Obama has said the drawdown in Iraq would allow him to shift troops and bolster the U.S. presence in Afghanistan.

It’s unclear what will happen in Iraq when the U.S. troops leave. While violence has slowed in Iraq, attacks continue, especially in the north.

Bush was traveling back to Washington in the early hours Monday.

After the shoe-throwing incident, White House press secretary Dana Perino suffered an eye injury when she was hit in the face with a microphone during the melee.

Bush, who has grown used to protests of his Iraq policy, brushed off the incident. He said, "So what if a guy threw his shoe at me?”

Associated Press writer Qassim Abdul Zahra in Baghdad contributed to this report.

  

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عراق میں پریس کاانفرنس کے دوران بہادر صحافی نے امریکی صدر بش کو جوتے مارے۔۔۔۔۔

President Bush ducks as the shoes are thrown

A surprise visit by US President George Bush to Iraq has been overshadowed by an incident in which two shoes were thrown at him during a news conference.

An Iraqi journalist was wrestled to the floor by security guards after he called Mr Bush "a dog” and threw his footwear, just missing the president.

The US president has now continued to Afghanistan to inspect troops there.

He arrived before dawn at Bagram air force base, and is due to hold talks with President Hamid Karzai.

Earlier in Baghdad, Mr Bush and Iraqi PM Nouri Maliki signed the new security agreement between their countries.

The pact calls for US troops to leave Iraq in 2011 – eight years after the 2003 invasion that has in part defined the Bush presidency.

 

 If you want the facts, it’s a size 10 shoe that he threw 
US President George W Bush

Speaking just over five weeks before he hands over power to Barack Obama, Mr Bush also said the war in Iraq was not over and more work remained to be done.

His previously unannounced visit came a day after Defence Secretary Robert Gates told US troops the Iraq mission was in its "endgame”.

‘Size 10’

In the middle of the news conference with Mr Maliki, Iraqi television journalist Muntadar al-Zaidi stood up and shouted "this is a goodbye kiss from the Iraqi people, dog,” before hurling a shoe at Mr Bush which narrowly missed him.

Showing the soles of shoes to someone is a sign of contempt in Arab culture.

 

Muntadar al-Zaidi throws a shoe at George Bush (14 December 2008)

Muntadar al-Zaidi was quickly wrestled to the ground and hauled away

With his second shoe, which the president also managed to dodge, Mr Zaidi said: "This is for the widows and orphans and all those killed in Iraq.”

Mr Zaidi, a correspondent for Cairo-based al-Baghdadiya TV, was then wrestled to the ground by security personnel and hauled away.

"If you want the facts, it’s a size 10 shoe that he threw,” Mr Bush joked afterwards.

Al-Baghdadiya’s bureau chief told the Associated Press that he had no idea what prompted Mr Zaidi to attack President Bush, although reports say he was once kidnapped by a militia and beaten up.

"I am trying to reach Muntadar since the incident, but in vain,” said Fityan Mohammed. "His phone is switched off.”

Correspondents said the attack was symbolic. Iraqis threw shoes and used them to beat Saddam Hussein’s statue after his overthrow.

‘American security’

Mr Bush’s first stop upon arriving in Baghdad was the Iraqi presidential palace in the heavily-fortified Green Zone, where he held talks with President Jalal Talabani.

 

PREVIOUS BUSH VISITS TO IRAQ
Nov 2003: Serves Thanksgiving dinner to troops in Baghdad
June 2006: Meets new Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri Maliki
Sept 2007: Visits Anbar province – former stronghold of Saddam Hussein

"The work hasn’t been easy but it’s been necessary for American security, Iraqi hope and world peace,” Mr Bush said during his talks with Mr Talabani.

The Iraqi president called Mr Bush "a great friend for the Iraqi people, who helped us liberate our country”.

The BBC’s Humphrey Hawksley, in Baghdad, says the key issue at present is exactly how American troops will withdraw within the next three years and what sort of Iraq they will leave behind.

 

President Bush said events have been necessary for US security and world peace

The US media has just published details of a US government report saying that post invasion reconstruction of Iraq was crippled by bureaucratic turf wars and an ignorance of the basic elements of Iraqi society.

The report is circulating among US officials in draft form, says the New York Times.

It reveals details of a reconstruction effort that cost more than $100bn (£67bn) and only succeeded in restoring what was destroyed in the invasion and the widespread looting that followed it, the newspaper said.

Troop promises

 

George Bush says being pelted with shoes could be one of the ‘weirdest’ moments of his presidency

Mr Bush’s visit, unannounced in advance and conducted under tight security, follows the approval last month of a security pact between Washington and Baghdad that calls for US troops to be withdrawn from Iraq by the end of 2011.US troops are first to withdraw from Iraqi cities, including Baghdad, by June next year.

Defence Secretary Gates said on Saturday that "the process of the drawdown” had begun.

"We are, I believe, in terms of the American commitment, in the endgame here in Iraq,” he told US troops at an airbase near Baghdad.

Mr Gates has been picked to stay on as defence secretary by President-elect Barack Obama.

 

US troops near Mosul

The end in sight for US troops in Iraq?

President Bush leaves the White House in less than six weeks. He said in a recent interview with ABC News that the biggest regret of his presidency was the false intelligence that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction.

Finding these was one of the key justifications for the invasion. None were ever found.

Mr Obama has promised to bring home US combat troops from Iraq in a little over a year from when he takes office in January.

More than 4,200 US troops and tens of thousands of Iraqi civilians and security personnel have been killed since the invasion in 2003.

There are currently about 149,000 US soldiers in Iraq, down from last year’s peak of 170,000 after extra troops were poured in to deal with a worsening security situation.

As Mr Bush arrived in Baghdad, Gen David Petraeus, the head of the US Central Command, which includes Iraq, said attacks in the country had dropped from 180 a day in June 2007 to 10 a day now.

In a sign of modest security gains in Iraq, Mr Bush was welcomed with a formal arrival ceremony – a flourish that was not part of his previous three visits.

He arrived in the country on Air Force One, which landed at Baghdad International Airport in the afternoon, after a secretive Saturday night departure from Washington on an 11-hour flight. 

Zardari: ‘I Am a Victim Here’میں خود دہشت گردی کا شکار ہواہوں۔

 

Zardari: ‘I Am a Victim Here’میں خود دہشت گردی کا شکار ہواہوں۔

Pakistan’s president speaks out on Mumbai, terrorism and the ISI.

Lally Weymouth. NEWSWEEK. From the magazine issue dated Dec 22, 2008

President Asif Ali Zardari of Pakistan is in the hot seat. Under pressure from the international community, he ordered police last week to crack down on Jamaat-ul-Dawa, a charity thought to be the public front for Lashkar-e-Taiba, the Pakistani terrorist group that India blames for the Thanksgiving attacks in Mumbai. President Zardari spoke with NEWSWEEK’s Lally Weymouth just before the Jamaat arrests. Excerpts:

Weymouth: It has been reported that Pakistan  s Inter-Services Intelligence [ISI] agency had links with Lashkar-e-Taiba [LeT] and that it shared intelligence with LeT on Kashmir. Do you believe that to be true? 
Zardari: We are talking about an age-old situation. This is something [that happened] in the old days when dictators used to run the country. Maybe before 9/11, that may have been a position. [But] since then, things have changed to a great extent.

It is said that Lashkar is operating with the help of ISI now, not in the past. 
There is no supportive interaction with our intelligence [agencies] and the LeT. Lashkar-e-Taiba happens to be a banned organization in Pakistan.

I remember how you and [your late wife] Benazir Bhutto felt about the ISI  and blamed it for causing many of your problems after she left her post as prime minister. 
Yes, we’ve always maintained a certain position that the intelligence agencies [should] have nothing to do with politics. Since I have been in government, we’ve had a stated position that ISI has no political role anymore.

The problem is that long before you came to office, Lashkar-e-Taiba was used in Kashmir by the Pakistani Army to fight India. 
That may have been the situation then, but things have changed. Lashkar-e-Taiba has been banned. Of course, these nonstate actors keep re-emerging in different forms. Whenever there is actionable intelligence, we move in before anyone else does.

I thought Secretary [of State Condoleezza] Rice demanded that you do something about the Mumbai bombing. Did she ask you to arrest some people? 
She is a friend and she knows Pakistan is a responsible state, and the Americans and the British know how much my government has done for this operation … against the terrorists since we’ve been in government.

What do you think about the Mumbai attack? 
I think it is horrific.

Reportedly, all of the terrorists were trained in Pakistan. 
I don’t have any specific information to that effect because the Indians have given us very little information. I have offered to the Indians that we will do a joint investigation into this Mumbai incident and if it leads anywhere, we will take action.

If the terrorists  were trained in Pakistan, don  t you have to do something? 
Definitely. Not for them, it’s for myself … The Indians must understand that the government [of Pakistan] and the people of Pakistan are net losers of the situation. We had put in a lot of effort … to make good relations with India.

Allegedly, Rice asked you to arrest a former ISI chief, Gen. Hamid Gul. There have been stories that Gul is tied up with the Taliban and Al Qaeda. I remember Benazir talking about how bad Gul was. 
Hamid Gul is an actor who is definitely not in our good books. Hamid Gul is somebody who was never appreciated by our government. She [Rice] did not go into specifics, if I may share that with you …

He has not been accused in the Mumbai incident … I think he is more of a political ideologue of terror rather than a physical supporter.

What do you need in order to move faster? Do you need real-time intelligence? 
Of course. For instance, a lot of people are [saying] that they knew about this attack. I’ve heard that the Russians told the Indians, but I wish the Russians had also shared it with us.

The Indians are asking you to send them people to bring to justice, right? 
[We] don’t have that kind of relationship yet. America and Pakistan have hardly gotten to the position where we can interact and exchange information.

So you will not send anyone to India? 
No, that is a decision to be made by the Parliament and not by the president.

Do you control Pakistan or does the Army control Pakistan? 
Democracy controls Pakistan … All the players today understand that democracy is the only way.

So if you say there will be no first strike against India  as you did  will the Army listen to you? 
Of course. It goes without saying.

Do you think India has a problem with its own Muslims? Were Indian Muslims involved [in the Mumbai attacks]? 
I am not pointing fingers as I want to improve my relations with India … I want to be a friend of India and a friend of the world and [a foe of terrorism] because I am a victim myself.

There is always room for improvement on every side. There is room for the world to help me with the present situation in Pakistan, where poverty is a friend of the terrorists. I need to become economically better so I can employ these youths that [the terrorists] are employing.

U.S. intelligence reportedly has evidence of ISI  s involvement in the [July] bombing of the Indian Embassy in Kabul. Is it true? 
No, we have not had that intimation from the Americans. I totally deny that. We had nothing to do with the Kabul bombing. Again, these are nonstate actors.

Are you going to take any concrete steps to crack down on the Lashkar-e-Taiba? 
Things have been done. One step is we have started combing the whole region for all nonstate actors and we have made certain arrests.

Do you think you can shut the LeT down? 
We will not allow anybody to have the capability to perform such acts.

Or to train on Pakistani soil? 
Nobody will be allowed to use Pakistan soil for any form of aggression toward any friend or foe.

Secretary Rice said that nonstate actors on your soil are still your responsibility. 
Yes, definitely. I do not shrug away from that position. Anybody from my soil is my responsibility.

Over and over before, Pakistani leaders said they would do something about Lashkar and they never did. 
That is not us.

URL: http://www.newsweek.com/id/174277

Pakistan’s Big Risk پاکستان کا خطرناک اتفاق

Pakistan’s Big Risk پاکستان کا خطرناک اتفاق 

The ban on an Islamist group linked to the Mumbai attacks gives Islamabad one more enemy to worry about.ممبیی دھماکوں سے منسلک کرکے اایک اسلامک گروہ پر پا پندی عاید کرنا، اسلام آباد کے لیے زیادہ سے زیادہ دشمن پیدا کرنے کے مترادف ہے۔ 

Ron Moreau, Newsweek Web Exclusive

When a devastating earthquake shook mountainous Kashmir in October 2005, killing 80,000 people, burying entire villages under landslides, one of the first and best-equipped relief organizations on the scene was the Jamaat-ul-Dawa charity. It brought in physicians, surgeons and nurses. It set up emergency surgical and first-aid clinics. It pitched tents to house the homeless and distributed food and medicine to tens of thousands. It stayed behind and helped to build some 5,000 permanent homes for the displaced.

It’s no wonder that Jamaat was able to react so quickly. Kashmir has long been a recruiting and training ground for Jamaat’s other face—the Islamist, anti-Indian Lashkar-e-Taiba guerrilla organization, which both Indian and U.S. intelligence have singled out as the planner and organizer of last month’s murderous Mumbai attacks. Lashkar’s main aim is to wrest the Indian sector of Kashmir from New Delhi’s control through violence.

Today Islamabad took the extraordinary and surprising step of banning Jamaat from Pakistan. Police quickly closed dozens of Jamaat’s offices across the country, including nine in the sprawling port city of Karachi, the country’s largest. The government also issued an arrest warrant for the Jamaat’s amir, or supreme leader, Hafiz Mohammad Saeed, who is based at a mosque and madrassa complex in Lahore. "We are required to take action against Jamaat and its leaders under the Security Council resolution,” said Sherry Rehman, the information minister told NEWSWEEK.

In a startling admission for a Pakistani leader, Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani said today that his government was investigating links between Jamaat and Lashkar, and admitted that "the two groups have the same leadership.” This is the first time any Pakistan leader has acknowledged the link between the two groups.

The crackdown is the Pakistani government’s most serious action taken against an extremist organization since soon after 9/11, when it banned Lashkar. It could be a dangerous gamble for Islamabad. Many Pakistanis, who may be sympathetic to Jamaat and its charitable works and therefore willing to overlook its association with Lashkar’s gunmen, could oppose the government’s iron-fisted policy. Islamist groups and the religious parties will no doubt try to organize public anti-government and pro-Jamaat organizations. The group’s suppression may also drive many of its adherents underground where they could hook up with still-active Lashkar operatives and begin a violent action against the government.

Pakistan‘s move against Jamaat comes after weeks of pressure on Islamabad by India and the United States. Jamaat’s top operatives, such as Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi, one of Lashkar’s founders, recruited, trained and controlled the 10 gunmen who carried out the killing of more than 170 people in Mumbai, according to Indian and U.S. intelligence. Pakistan at first firmly denied that any Pakistanis were involved in the massacre, but this week, as evidence of Lashkar’s involvement mounted, the government belatedly took action against the Lashkar-Jamaat combine. It started by raiding a riverside Jamaat madrassa complex near Muzaffarabad last Sunday. After a brief firefight it arrested Lakhvi and several other key Lashkar leaders.

That move was not enough to satisfy New Delhi and Washington. To increase the pressure, a United Nations Security Council committee on Wednesday declared Jamaat a terrorist organization and slapped it with U.N. sanctions, including the freezing of its assets, a travel ban on its members and an arms embargo on the organization. On Thursday, to ramp up the pressure, U.S. Deputy Secretary of State John Negroponte arrived in Islamabad on Thursday on the heels of Condoleezza Rice and Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Admiral Mike Mullen. Sensing that further resistance could seriously damage relations with Washington, Pakistan launched what appeared to be a nationwide crackdown on Jamaat and its leadership.

There’s little doubt that the distinction between Lashkar and Jamaat, which roughly translates as "enter into the fold of Islam,” is more apparent than real. Both organizations fed into the other. Saeed, a onetime university professor and adherent to the harsh Wahhabi school of Islam, had founded Jamaat back in 1985 as a relief organization to help flood victims. Soon afterwards he and Lakhvi founded Lashkar with the assistance of the Pakistani military’s powerful Inter-Service Intelligence spy agency. The ISI and the Pakistani military used Lashkar as they did other similar extremist guerrilla groups they created as an inexpensive foreign-policy arm of the Pakistani state. Lashkar’s men fought in both Afghanistan and inside Indian Kashmir, furthering Pakistani goals.

Saeed, from his lair in Lahore, regularly gives anti-Indian and anti-American speeches and denounces Pakistan’s cooperation with Washington in the war against armed extremists. Just before the warrant for his arrest was issued, Saeed told a news conference in Lahore: "If India or the U.S. has any proof against Jamaat-ul-Dawa, we are ready to stand in any court. We do not beg, we demand justice.” He denied that his group was involved in the Mumbai attacks. "We will challenge the [U.N.] decision in the international court of justice,” he said. Not long after he spoke, a large contingent of police surrounded his house in Lahore and ordered him not to venture out.

This isn’t the first time Saeed has been placed under house arrest. Shortly after the attack on the Indian Parliament in December 2001, New Delhi accused Lashkar of involvement, which led to then Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf to ban Lashkar from Pakistan. Saeed was detained and spent most of 2002 under house arrest. He then let it be known that he had severed his links with Lashkar. Upon his quiet release he ostensibly concentrated on leading Jamaat, but he continued to spew his hard-line hateful messages.

It’s unlikely that Saeed ever cut any ties with Lashkar because the two groups were one in the same. Jamaat was always the organization’s public, philanthropic face, while Lashkar was its militant arm. Funds generated for Jamaat and its charitable relief efforts may have been channeled to Lashkar’s militants. Led by Saeed, Jamaat’s followers openly preached jihad against India, a wresting of Kashmir from India by any means, and virulent anti-Americanism. They are bitterly opposed to any rapprochement between India and Pakistan, seeing it as being a sellout of the Kashmiri cause of independence or Pakistani control.

Over the years Jamaat has morphed into a respected and popular charity. It has a nationwide footprint. Recently when an earthquake leveled hundreds of villages in Baluchistan, Jamaat was quickly there with a Kashmir-like relief effort. Its followers even traveled to Iran to help the victims of the earthquake in Bam in 2003. It sent aid to Indonesia following the 2006 tsunami. It operates mobile medical camps in poor, remote areas, carrying out surgery and eye treatment for free. It operates 150 or so free pharmaceutical dispensaries around the country. It publishes a weekly newspaper, three monthly magazines and even a bimonthly for children. Not surprisingly, the publications’ message is strongly Islamist and anti-Indian. According to its Web site, Jamaat has local offices in "almost every town and city” in Pakistan. It claims to have spent at least $8.74 million since 2003 on various charitable initiatives.

Its flagship operation is located in a poor rural area near Muridke, just west of Lahore. The 150-acre, gated complex, called Markaz-e-Taiba, or "Center of the Pious,” features a mosque, a madrassa for 3,000 students— including some girls, a hospital and a farm. At the school, the students who are largely drawn from the dirt-poor villages surrounding the complex not only learn the Koran by heart but also study with the use of computers and science labs. "There is no fear here,” says Yahya Mujahid, a Jamaat spokesman. "It is upsetting,” Mujahid told NEWSWEEK just before the crackdown, "to be doubted and misrepresented when all we have done and all we want to do is to help our fellow man.”

So far Lashkar has not attacked the Pakistani security services in retaliation. But it could follow the example of other Kashmiri guerrilla groups such as Jaish-e-Muhammad, which was also banned and subsequently struck back violently against the government. Now Lashkar, and disgruntled Jamaat supporters, may strike back. Islamabad may have taken a giant step toward satisfying Indian and American demands for tough action. It may also find itself facing not only the Pakistani Taliban and Al Qaeda along the Afghan border, but another armed and dangerous enemy as well.

With Zahid Hussain:  URL: http://www.newsweek.com/id/173825

DAN India: UN bans Jamaat, Pak begins crackdown

UN bans Jamaat, Pak begins crackdown یوناییٹڈ نیشن نے جماعت الدعوہ پر پابندی لگا دی، پاکستان بھر میں کریک ڈاون شروع

 

JuD chief, three others branded terrorists

Amir Mir, Seema Guha & Agencies. Islamabad. New Delhi. United Nations

 With the UN security council’s ban on the Jamaat-ud-Daawa, front for the Lashkar-e-Taiba, completing Pakistan’s isolation on the global stage, Islamabad began its crackdown on the outfit late on Thursday.

Rehman Malik, Pakistan’s acting interior minister, confirmed that the government had banned the Jamaat, placed its chief Hafiz Mohammed Saeed under house arrest, and ordered the sealing of some 300 centres of the outfit across the country.

Pakistan’s central bank ordered freezing of bank accounts of the JuD even as the outfit said its chief Saeed would challenge his house arrest in the Lahore High Court on Friday.

The crackdown came less than a day after the security council imposed sanctions on the Jamaat late on Wednesday, branding as "terrorists” its top four commanders, including Saeed and suspected Mumbai attack mastermind Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi. The other two are Haji Muhammad Ashraf and Mahmoud Mohd Ahmed Bahaziq, both financiers of the Lashkar. Reports, however, said Ashraf had died in Hyderabad central jail in 2002 (see box). Bahaziq is an India-born Saudi Arabian citizen who is said to be collecting funds for banned terror groups.

The US had sought a ban on Lakhvi, Ashraf, and Bahaziq after it slapped sanctions on them and Saeed in May.

The decision to ban the Jamaat was taken by the council’s committee on al-Qaeda and Taliban, which put the Jamaat and its four commanders on the consolidated list of persons and entities connected with al-Qaeda and the Taliban.

It also asked all member states to freze the Jamaat’s assets and imposed a travel ban and arms embargo on the organisation.

The council’s decision, which was backed by Pakistan’s ally China, pushed Islamabad on the back foot. Realising that the international message to crack down on terrorism was loud and clear, prime minister Yousuf Raza Gilani told visiting US deputy secretary of state John Negroponte on Thursday that Pakistan had taken note of the sanctions under Resolution 1267 of the UN security council and would "fulfil its international obligations”.

Reacting to the sanctions, the Jamaat said it didn’t need the UN’s permission to carry out its activities. Saeed said he was ready to be tried anywhere in the world on charges of terrorism. "If there is any evidence against Jamaat-ud-Daawa with India or America, it can be presented in any court. We are ready to defend ourselves,” said Saeed, who came out of hiding to hold a press conference in Lahore.

Claiming that the ban was the outcome of "Indian propaganda”, Saeed also disowned Lakhvi, saying "our stand from the beginning is that we are not willing to accept any terrorism, suicide attacks, or killing of innocent people”. He said the Jamaat was a Pakistani outfit, not a Kashmiri group. 

The US said it will be good if Pakistan "shifts” to a tougher approach towards the Lashkar. Congress also threw its weight behind India, asking Pakistan to "root out” all extremist groups operating in the country. The House of Representatives and the Senate both adopted bipartisan resolutions condemning the Mumbai attack as "savage and horrific”.

950,000 children worldwide killed by injury, violence

950,000 children worldwide killed by injury, violence نو لاکھ پچاس ہزاربچے سالانہ زخموں اور تشدد کی وجہ سے ہلاک ہوجاتے ہیں۔

Story Highlights

  • Report: About 830,000 of those under 18 die annually from unintentional injury
  • Drowning, burns, falls and poisoning are also in the top five causes of death
  • Road traffic crashes are the No. 1 cause of injury and death globally and in U.S.

By Elizabeth Landau
CNN

(CNN) — The summer that her family bought a soft-sided pool, Charisse Nurnberg of Assaria, Kansas, tried to keep her children safe from water-related injuries. She kept all the doors locked and would even have her young son Matt wear a life jacket while he played inside.

But one day in August 2002, 3-year-old Matt got into the pool unsupervised. An ambulance rushed him to the hospital, but it was too late. He had drowned.

"You don’t think it can happen to you, you think you’ve got things under control, and it just happens to other people,” Charisse Nurnberg said. "It is just, I think, probably about the most horrible experience a parent can live through.”

New reports from the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that deaths by unintentional injury, such as drowning, are a growing problem worldwide. More than 950,000 of those younger than 18 are killed annually by injury or violence; about 830,000 of them die from unintentional injury.

"Even for those of us working in the field, we were taken aback by that number,” said Dr. Adnan Hyder, associate professor at Johns Hopkins University’s Bloomberg School of Public Health and one of the editors for the WHO report. "Some of that is an underestimate, frankly speaking.”

In the United States, an average of about 12,000 people aged 19 and younger died from unintentional injuries each year from 2000 to 2006, the CDC report said. Males’ injury death rates were nearly twice as high as those of females, the report said.

Injury rates were highest for American Indian and Alaska natives in the United States and lowest for Asian or Pacific islanders, the report said. States with the lowest injury death rates were in the Northeast. See how different states compare »

For nonfatal injuries in the United States, about 9.2 million children per year had an initial emergency department visit for an unintentional injury, the CDC report said.

Generally, in high-income countries, injuries account for 40 percent of all child deaths, the WHO report said. But low-income and middle-income countries bear most of the burden; 95 percent of all child injuries occur in those areas, the report said.

"Something good is happening in high-income countries in terms of prevention, which is not happening in many other countries,” said Dr. Junaid Razzak, chairman of the Department of Emergency Medicine at Aga Khan University in Karachi, Pakistan.

Road crashes are the No. 1 cause of injury and death among children globally, claiming 260,000 lives annually, the report said. Drowning follows as the second leading cause of death, killing more than 175,000 children a year, and is the top cause of injury and death in Asia.

Burns, falls and poisoning were also in the top five leading causes of death by unintentional injury, the report said. Africa has the highest overall rate for unintentional injury deaths, 10 times higher than in many high-income countries.

Razzak, who wrote a chapter of the WHO report, said he sees a significant number of children with head injuries sitting in the laps of their parents in cars or motorcycles in Pakistan.

He also mentioned falling televisions as another source of injury or even death among kids in Pakistan. Children also commonly fall from the roofs of buildings while playing, he said.

The WHO report recommends that each country develop a child-injury prevention and control policy connected to other child health strategies, taking into account the needs of all children. It also urges countries to strengthen their health system capacities to provide requisite care to injured children.

Minimum drinking-age laws, seat-belts, motorcycle helmets and graduated driver licensing systems are some proven interventions to promote road safety, the report said.

For drowning, four-sided fencing around swimming pools, personal floatation devices and immediate resuscitation are some ways to prevent fatal injury, the report said.

Nurnberg said that for pool safety, she warns against putting even a drop of water in a pool until there is a fence around it. She also recommends installing an alarm that makes a sound whenever any door opens and said parents should not just rely on watching and listening.

"My husband was actually outside when it happened,” she said. "I think we envision with drowning things that we see on TV and in movies, that splashing and yelling, and that just doesn’t happen. He didn’t hear the break of the water.”

All AboutCenters for Disease Control and PreventionWorld Health Organization

بھارت کا روس سے جوہری اور خلائی تعاون کا معاہدہ

نئی دہلی(مانیٹرنگ سیل) روس اوربھارت میں نئی دہلی میں ایٹمی توانائی اور خلائی تحقیق میں تعاون کے سمجھوتوں کا معاہدہ طے پاگیا، روسی صدر اور بھارتی وزیراعظم نے معاہدے پر دستخط کیے، معاہدے کے تحت روس 4جوہری ری ایکٹر بنانے میں ہندوستان کی مدد کرے گا، پہلے ہی ایک ہزار میگاواٹ کے 2 ری ایکٹر تعمیر کر رہا ہے ،بھارت کو 80 فوجی ہیلی کاپٹر کی فراہمی سمیت 2015ء تک بھارت انسان بردار خلائی جہاز خلاء میں بھیجے گا دوسری جانب بھارتی وزیراعظم منموہن سنگھ نے کہا کہ جوہری اور خلائی سمجھوتے سے روس اور ہندوستان کے مابین تعلقات مزید مستحکم ہوں گے، روس کی مدد سے جوہری پاور پلانٹ جنوبی بھارت میں تعمیر کیا جائے گا، دونوں رہنماؤں نے یہاں بھارتی دارالحکومت میں دستخط کیے، تقریب سے خطاب کرتے ہوئے منموہن سنگھ نے کہا کہ ممبئی دہشت گردی کے بعد بھارتی عوام میں غم و غصہ پایا جاتا ہے، قبل ازیں روسی صدر نے بھارتی وزیر خارجہ پرناب مکھرجی سے بھی ملاقات کی،یاد رہے کہ روسی صدر دیمیتری میدیدوف تین روزہ دورے پر بھارت پہنچے ہیں، دیمیتری میدیدوف کے دورے کا مقصد خطے کی صورتحال پر تبادلہ ٴ خیال کرنا تھا، روس اور بھارت کے مابین ہونے والے معاہدے کے تحت روس بھارتی ریاست تامل ناڈو میں چار نئے ایٹمی ری ایکٹرز تعمیر کرے گا، امریکا اور فرانس کے بعد روس تیسرا ملک ہے جس نے بھارت کے ساتھ جوہری توانائی کے شعبہ میں تعاون کا معاہدہ کیا ہے۔ روس کے صدر کے ساتھ مشترکہ پریس کانفرنس سے خطاب کرتے ہوئے بھارتی وزیراعظم من موہن سنگھ نے کہا کہ دونوں ممالک کے تعلقات تاریخ کے نئے دور میں داخل ہو گئے ہیں۔ روس کے صدر نے کہا کہ روس ممبئی حملوں کی چھان بین اوردہشت گردی کے خلاف جنگ میں مدد کرنے کے لئے تیار ہے جبکہ روسی وزیراعظم ولادیمیر پیوٹن نے امید ظاہر کی ہے کہ اوباما کے صدارت سنبھالنے کے ساتھ روس کے تعلقات میں گرم جوشی کی امید ہے۔ روسی صدر نے نئی دہلی میں بھارتی ٹیلی ویژن کو ایک انٹرویو دیتے ہوئے کہا کہ روس، بھارت کے ساتھ فوجی تعاون میں اضافہ کرنے کے لئے تیار ہے۔ انہوں نے مستقبل میں دہشت گردوں کے حملوں کو روکنے کے لئے عالمی و دفاعی نظام تشکیل دینے کی تجویز بھی پیش کی۔ انہوں نے جارجیا یوکرین کی نیٹو میں شمولیت کے لئے حتمی ٹائم ٹیبل مقرر نہ کرنے پر مغربی اتحاد کی تعریف کی۔