دن: نومبر 25، 2008

ڈی سی او چترال نےپولیو کے خلاف تین روزہ مہم کا افتتاح کیا

Frontier Post – Peshawar

Three -day anti polio drive kicks off ڈی سی او چترال نےپولیو کے خلاف تین روزہ مہم کا افتتاح کیا

PESAHWAR (APP): The three days door to door anti polio vaccination campaign has been inaugurated here in Chitral. The inaugural ceremony was held at Chitral public school & College with District Coordination Officer Chitral Mutasim Billah Shah as chief guest while EDO Health Dr. Sher Qayum, EDO School & Literacy Samad Gul, EDO community Development Hashmat Yar, Medical Superintendent of DHQ Hospital Dr. Nazir Ahmad, Dr. Inayatullah EPI Coordinator and representatives of civil society were also present on the occasion. Dr. Gulzar Ahmad, Children Specialist highlighted importance of polio vaccination. He said that polio virus spreading through mouth in case of its attack at brain could cause death. He said that there is no curative treatment of polio disease but only preventive measure. We can save our children by administering polio vaccine to them. He emphasized on masses to must drink potable clean water otherwise it should be boiled for 10 minutes for killing virus inside the water to save from several diseases like polio. He informed that more than 102 polio cases have been registered in different parts of Pakistan most of them belonged to our province. The only way to eradicate polio abuse from the country is continue vaccination and discouraging refusal cases. EDO School & Literacy Samad Gul said that awareness is must to control any disease. He said that this is our moral obligation to motivate other people for cent percent polio vaccination. Abul Qayum Baig Nazim Union Council Kosht who is also chairman health committee in Zilla Council also expressed his views. He appreciated education department and civil societies for supporting health teams in this campaign. DCO Chitral who was chief guest on the occasion inaugurated anti polio drive by administering polio vaccines to children. On this occasion he assured that district administration would leave no stone unturned to success this campaign. He said that our children are our future and we should protect them from such diseases like polio, which can paralyze a child. He appeal to all religious leaders and Khateebs to must highlight polio campaign importance in their Friday sermons as well as before 5 times praying in Mosques because their message is most acceptable for community. He also appeals civil societies to play their role as missionary and voluntarily organizations for eradicating polio disease from the district. He also stressed upon UC Nazimeen and councilors to call meeting on polio days at their respective offices for monitoring these activities. A large number of students, teachers, doctors, representatives of civil societies participated in inaugural ceremony of polio campaign. Three days door-to-door campaign will be continue from Nov 24 to 26. EDO Health appeal parents to must informed them on Toll free No. 0800 12012 if no health team cover their area. Daily Frontier Post – Peshawar

 

پر سکون نیند قابلیت کو پھر سے مجتمع کرنے میں مدد دیتی ہے

Sleep also helps people recover skillsپر سکون نیند قابلیت کو پھر سے مجتمع کرنے میں مدد دیتی ہے

Nov 25 12:49 AM US/Eastern

CHICAGO, Nov. 24 (UPI) — Sleep helps the mind learn complicated tasks and helps people recover learning they otherwise thought they had forgotten, U.S. researchers said.

Researchers at the University of Chicago used a test that involved learning to play video games. The study, published in Learning and Memory, showed that people who had "forgotten” how to perform a complex task 12 hours after training found that those abilities were restored after a night’s sleep.

"Sleep consolidated learning by restoring what was lost over the course of a day following training and by protecting what was learned against subsequent loss,” Howard Nusbaum said in a statement. "These findings suggest that sleep has an important role in learning generalized skills in stabilizing and protecting memory.”

The researchers tested about 200 college students, who had little previous experience playing video games. The team had students learn video games in which players must use both hands to deal with continually changing visual and auditory signals.

"We showed that if after learning, by the end of the day, people ‘forgot’ some of what was learned, a night’s sleep restored this memory loss,” Nusbaum said.

آیی ایم ایف کی جانب سی پاکستان کے لیے7.6بلین امریکی ڈالرقرضے کی منظوری

IMF approves $7.6 billion package

MONITORING DESK

ISLAMABAD (November 25 2008): International Monetary Fund (IMF) on Monday approved $7.6 billion bailout package for Pakistan, Aaj TV reported. Pakistan is likely to get between $3.5 billion and $4 billion initially while the rest will be distributed in six equal instalments. The money is likely to be transferred to the State Bank of Pakistan’s account in the US Federal Reserve in New York.


The disbursement takes 48 to 72 hours, which means that Pakistan will have the money by Thursday. Pakistan, after seven years’ gap, has finally re-entered the International Monetary Fund (IMF) programme to receive $7.6 billion for replenishing its fast depleting reserves, after its friends, multilaterals and other donor agencies and international financial institutions showed reluctance to help it financially.

Shaukat Tarin, Advisor to Prime Minister on Finance made it clear that this fund would not be used for any non-development expenditures and stock markets, saying that the loan would be utilised for maintaining the declining foreign reserves, besides overcoming its balance of payments crisis. He said that the IMF financing facility would give confidence not only to the markets and the investors but also to other IFIs and friends. (Business Recorder)

Copyright Business Recorder, 2008

_____________________________________________________________

IMF agrees $7.6bn Pakistan loan

By Demetri Sevastopulo in Washington

Published: November 25 2008 02:00 | Last updated: November 25 2008 02:00

The International Monetary Fund on Monday approved a $7.6bn (€6bn, £5bn) standby loan for Pakistan to help the country come back from the brink of financial disaster and avoid defaulting on its debt.

The IMF board approved the 23-month arrangement which was negotiated between fund staff and Pakistani officials earlier this month. Pakistan had requested the loan in return for agreeing to implement economic reforms.

Shaukat Tarin, the top Pakistani financial official, earlier this month said Pakistan would have to cut its fiscal deficit to below 4 per cent of GDP, from the current 7 per cent, under the terms of the loan.

IMF approval is expected to trigger a number of aid packages for Pakistan, including from China and the US.

The Bush administration has grown increasingly concerned about the financial crisis in Pakistan, which comes as Islamabad faces challenges dealing with domestic extremists that are also threatening US and coalition interests across the border in Pakistan.

Underscoring those concerns, General David Petraeus, the head of US Central Command, which oversees military operations in the Middle East and Central Asia, recently met with officials during the IMF’s annual meetings in Washington, an unusual move for a senior military officer. (Financial Times)

امریکی قیدیوں کو بھارتی شہریوں سے زیادہ جگہ میسر ہے۔۔

 

THE TIMES OF INDIA

33% of Indians live in less space than US prisoners تینتیس فیصد بھارتی امریکی قیدیوں سے بھی کم جگہ میں رہیتے ہیں۔

25 November 2008, Atul Thakur, TNN

One in every three urban Indians lives in homes too cramped to exceed even the minimum requirements of a prison cell in the US. If that sounds shocking, check this out: In the past 50 years, both the number and proportion of Indians living in homes with a per capita space of less than 100 square feet have gone up substantially. In fact, a majority of Indians have per capita space equivalent to or less than a 10 feet x 10 feet room for their living, sleeping, cooking, washing and toilet needs. 

These startling statistics emerge from the recently released 63rd round survey of the National Sample Survey Organisation. The data shows 32% of urban houses are 258 sq ft or less in area. Given that urban households have an average size of 4.3 persons, this translates to 60 sq ft per person, the minimum specified for US prisons.

Similarly, 39% of rural houses are 312 sq ft or less. Given the average household strength of 4.8 persons, that works out to 65 sq ft per person — just a little more spacious than a cramped American jail.

What’s the average size of an Indian house? It’s 494 sq ft in rural areas — or 103 sq ft per person — and 504 sq ft in urban areas, or 117 sq ft per person.

In the past 50 years, both the number and proportion of Indians living in homes with a per capita space of less than 100 sq ft have gone up substantially.

The second planning commission report said 46% of urban and 38.5% of rural households had less than 100 sq ft per head of floor space in 1953-54.

In 2006-07, the year in which the 63rd round survey was conducted by NSSO, 55% of city dwellers and 56% of
villagers were living in homes with less than 100 square feet per person.

The data shows that the single largest chunk of houses is in the 322 to 581 sq ft range as 31% of city and 35.3% of rural houses are of that size.

With 807 sq ft as average covered area, urban areas of J&K have the biggest houses in India. Kerala, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Punjab and Rajasthan have average house sizes ranging between 600-700 sq feet, while Tripura and Andhra Pradesh have the smallest urban houses with less than 400 sq ft of average area.

In rural India, people of Arunachal Pradesh have the biggest houses averaging over 1,000 sq feet while Chhattisgarh and J&K have average house size bigger than 800 sq feet.

آغا خان مسلم ممالک اور مغرب کے درمیان تعلقات کے خواہاں

Aga Khan sees hope for Muslim-West relations

Don Cayo ,  Canwest News Service, Published: Monday, November 24, 2008

The spiritual leader of the world’s 15 million Ismaili Muslims says he sees real prospects for new bridges and better relations between Muslim states and the West.

The Aga Khan, touring Canada as part of his celebration of 50 years as Ismaili Muslim leader, said despite the West’s "failure” in Iraq and ongoing conflicts in Afghanistan, there are reasons for hope.

One, he said, is growing acceptance on both sides of the divide for his urgent call to combat what Harvard professor Samuel Huntington dubbed "the clash of civilizations” and the Aga Khan terms "the clash of ignorance.”

Aga Khan, the hereditary leader of the world’s 15 million Shia Ismaili Muslims pictured during an interview in Toronto.

This is what led to the present situation in Iraq, he said. It was "entirely predictable.”

Education is the key to better relations, he said.

On the Muslim side, he said this involves continuing his 50-year push for acceptance of pluralism and an end to insistence that tribal or ethnic priorities always trump the greater good.

And it involves schooling – a one of the key thrusts of his Aga Khan Development Network. This $500-million-a-year group of agencies works in a score of poor countries on projects as diverse as preschool religious teaching to on-the-job teacher training in places where qualifications are sometimes at a rock-bottom low.

On the Western side, it involves the development of more inclusive curricula in institutions unaware of Muslim history and culture.

He said it is happening gradually, with Western governments coming to understand just how diverse is the Muslim world, and how in every Muslim country the relationship between religion and state is, unlike in the West, inextricably intertwined.

What’s still needed, he said, are two things.

The Muslim world has to be clearer about what it wants. And the Western world must learn to assess the risks in doing what it does.

"Hundreds, if not thousands, of Muslim leaders would have told the Western world exactly what to expect when Saddam Hussein was eliminated,” he said in an interview Sunday.