دن: نومبر 18، 2008

ہز ہایی نس پرنس کریم آغاخان کا دورہ سنٹرل ایشیاء

His Highness The Aga Khan – Central Asia visit

Friday, 7 November 2008

Gary Otte
The AKDN Resident Representative in the Kyrgyz Republic, Nurjehan Mawani, bids farewell to Mawlana Hazar Imam at Manas International Airport. Photo: Gary Otte

On the final day of his visit to the Kyrgyz Republic, Mawlana Hazar Imam undertook a busy agenda of activities prior to his mid-morning departure.

Hazar Imam reviewed full-scale models of the facilities that will make up the three future campuses of the University of Central Asia. The models included replicas of undergraduate and graduate dormitory rooms, faculty offices and classrooms.

Afterwards, Mawlana Hazar Imam met with the Mayor of Bishkek, Nariman Tuleyev. Their meeting was held in a yurt — a dwelling structure that was traditionally used by nomadic peoples in the steppes of Central Asia.

At Manas International Airport, as Mawlana Hazar Imam prepared to depart Kyrgyzstan, the Minister for Foreign Affairs, Ednan Karabaev and AKDN leaders were present to bid him farewell. Hazar Imam’s departure from the country marked the end of his Golden Jubilee visit to Central Asia.

Additional photos are available in the KazakhstanTajikistan and Kyrgyzstangalleries. This article is also available in Russian.

 

Thursday, 6 November 2008

Gary Otte
Mawlana Hazar Imam, Prime Minister Chudinov and other UCA and government officials receive a warm welcome from students at the University’s town campus in Naryn. Photo: Gary Otte

This morning, Mawlana Hazar Imam met with the Kyrgyz Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ednan Karabaev. Following their meeting, Mawlana Hazar Imam travelled to Manas International Airport where he was joined by Prime Minister Igor Chudinov. The Prime Minister then accompanied Hazar Imam on a flight to Naryn, the town in which the Kyrgyz campus of the University of Central Asia (UCA) is situated.

In the shadow of the Tian Shan mountain peaks overlooking Naryn, Kyrgyz horsemen galloped across the runway, as the aircraft carrying Mawlana Hazar Imam and Prime Minister Chudinov touched down. The Governor of Naryn Oblast, Omurbek Suvanaliev and the Mayor of Naryn, Almaz Kulmatov were on hand to welcome them.

Hundreds of students of UCA’s School of Professional and Continuing Education (SPCE) waved Kyrgyz and Ismaili flags, as the dignitaries strode across the green that the University has gifted to the town. After reviewing the construction site of the town campus building, Mawlana Hazar Imam and the Prime Minister met teachers and students of the SPCE’s English in the Villages Programme.

Following lunch, architects, UCA management staff and civic officials accompanied the Prime Minister and Mawlana Hazar Imam to viewing points along the proposed main campus site overlooking a dramatic rock face across the Naryn River.

Later in the day, Mawlana Hazar Imam returned to Bishkek, where he called on the Speaker of Kyrgyz Parliament, Aitibay Tagayev, at the Parliament building.

 

Wednesday, 5 November 2008

Akbar Hakim
Mawlana Hazar Imam addresses the Jamat during the Golden Jubilee Darbar in Porshinev. Photo: Akbar Hakim

Today, Mawlana Hazar Imam granted a second Golden Jubilee Darbar to the Jamat of Gorno-Badakhshan at Porshinev.

Many murids had travelled from neighbouring villages and some had camped through the night. By dawn, a gathering of over 100 000 awaited Mawlana Hazar Imam’s arrival.

During the Darbar, the Jamat presented Mawlana Hazar Imam with a traditional harp — a symbol of the ancient musical traditions of Central Asia. Afterwards, Hazar Imam departed Porshinev and travelled to Dushanbe.

In the afternoon, Mawlana Hazar Imam and President Emomali Rahmon held a final meeting in the airport VIP terminal, before Hazar Imam’s departure from Tajikistan. The President presented Mawlana Hazar Imam with a gift of ceremonial Tajik garments. Then, in an unprecedented gesture of friendship, the President accompanied Mawlana Hazar Imam to his aircraft and personally bid him farewell.

From Dushanbe, Mawlana Hazar Imam travelled to the Kyrgyz Republic for the third leg of his Golden Jubilee visit to Central Asia. Arriving in the evening at Manas International Airport near the capital city of Bishkek, Mawlana Hazar Imam was greeted with a traditional Kyrgyz welcome.

The Minister for Foreign Affairs, Ednan Karabaev, received Mawlana Hazar Imam on behalf of the government. Senior government officials and AKDN leaders were also present to welcome Hazar Imam.

Mawlana Hazar Imam then met with the Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan, His Excellency Igor Chudinov, who hosted him at dinner.

 

Tuesday, 4 November 2008

Moez Visram
Members of the Jamat gathered at Ishkashim, on both sides of the Pyanj river, in anticipation of Mawlana Hazar Imam’s first Golden Jubilee Darbar in Tajikistan. Photo: Moez Visram

During the night and into the early hours of the morning, muridsbraved near freezing temperatures to gather and wait. As darkness gave way to bright blue skies, Mawlana Hazar Imam’s helicopter landed and the early morning chill faded.

Thousands of murids had gathered at Ishkashim, on both banks of the Pyanj river, for the first of two Golden Jubilee Darbars granted by Mawlana Hazar Imam to the Jamat of Tajikistan. The Darbar was held in the open air of Gorno-Badakhshan, against the majestic backdrop of the Pamir mountains.

Following the Darbar, the Jamat waved at Mawlana Hazar Imam as his helicopter departed, before returning their homes.

Later in the day, Mawlana Hazar Imam held a joint meeting with provincial leaders from both sides of the Pyanj river: Governor Qodiri Qosim of Gorno-Badakhshan in Tajikistan and Governor Munshi Abdul Majeed of Afghan Badakhshan.

 

Monday, 3 November 2008

Gary Otte
Joined by the First Deputy Prime Minister and the Governor of Gorno-Badakhshan, Mawlana Hazar Imam lays the foundation for the Ismaili Jamatkhana and Centre in Khorog. Photo: Gary Otte

This morning, in the presence of First Deputy Prime Minister Asadullo Ghulomov and Governor Qodir Qosim of Gorno-Badakhshan, Mawlana Hazar Imam laid the foundation-stone for the first “Ismaili Jamatkhana and Centre in Tajik-Badakhshan.” Thousands of members of the Jamat gathered at the site to witness what Mawlana Hazar Imam described as an “historic event.”

“I can think of few events in this year which will have given me the happiness which this one today will bring me,” said Mawlana Hazar Imam. Situating the new Centre in the tradition of Muslim piety, Hazar Imam noted that it “will be a symbol of confluence between the spiritual and the secular in Islam.”

Mawlana Hazar Imam also expressed a desire to continue to work in partnership with the authorities towards the development of Khorog. “Step by step, we will make Khorog the Jewel of the Pamir,” said Hazar Imam, describing his vision for the capital of Gorno-Badakhshan.

  • Also see Mawlana Hazar Imam’s speech at the Foundation Laying Ceremony of the Ismaili Jamatkhana and Centre, Khorog.

After the ceremony, government dignitaries and AKDN leaders accompanied Mawlana Hazar Imam on a tour of the adjacent Khorog Park, a rehabilitation project of the Aga Khan Trust for Culture.

In the afternoon, Mawlana Hazar Imam visited the University of Central Asia’s Vocational Training Centre in Khorog. He studied work done by students pursing carpentry, stone cladding and plaster construction. One hundred eight students are currently enrolled at the Training Centre, which was inaugurated in May 2008. Hazar Imam encouraged students to continue their education in these various fields which would surely see rewards in a world of increasing competition.

Afterwards, Mawlana Hazar Imam visited UCA’s main campus in Dasht, where he reviewed and discussed construction plans for the future development of the campus. The tour included a helicopter ride that provided a broader vantage point from which to view the site.

 

Sunday, 2 November 2008

Moez Visram
Against a picturesque background of snowy Pamir mountain peaks, Mawlana Hazar Imam is welcomed to Gorno-Badakhshan with a traditional offering of non (bread). Photo: Moez Visram

Accompanied by the First Deputy Prime Minister of Tajikistan, His Excellency Asadullo Ghulomov, Mawlana Hazar Imam travelled aboard an Aga Khan Development Network helicopter from Dushanbe to Khorog, the capital of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (province). Upon his arrival, he was received by the Governor of Gorno-Badakhshan, Qodir Qosim, and the Mayor of Khorog, Mulkamon Nazaraliev, as well as leaders of the Jamat and the Aga Khan Development Network.

The citizens of Khorog greeted Mawlana Hazar Imam with a colourful Pamiri reception. Members of the Jamat dressed in ceremonial attire stood all-along a red-carpeted path. Hazar Imam was welcomed with a traditional offering ofnon (bread), and received gifts presented by younger members of the Jamat. As he walked along the carpet, his path was continuously showered with the petals of sweet-scented flowers.

In the evening, the Governor of Gorno-Badakhshan hosted a dinner in honour of Mawlana Hazar Imam. The city streets and mountain-side signs welcoming Hazar Imam were lit up, and members of the Jamat lined the road leading to the event. The evening’s entertainment included traditional Pamiri singing, dancing, and musical performances.

It was evident that the joy and excitement of the Golden Jubilee had gripped the entire city.

 

Saturday, 1 November 2008

Gary Otte
Mawlana Hazar Imam tours the prayer hall of the soon to be completed Ismaili Centre Dushanbe. He is accompanied by the building’s Chief Architect and the Project Manager. Photo: Gary Otte

Early this morning, Mawlana Hazar Imam set out to review the progress of the soon to be completed Ismaili Centre Dushanbe and the Serena Hotel, which is also under construction.

Situated on Dushanbe’s prominent Ismoil Somoni Avenue, the design of the Ismaili Centre resonates with the architectural traditions of Central Asia. Inspired by the mausoleum of Ismoil Somoni, a national hero in Tajikistan, over 2.6 million bricks are being used in the construction of its façade and interior.

The nine-story Dushanbe Serena Hotel, which is expected to be completed in 2009, will have 95 rooms, including suites and apartments. The hotel will include a banquet hall, meeting and dining facilities, a business centre, and a health club. It will also provide office space to meet the growing demand of organisations based in Dushanbe.

Thousands of members of the Jamat lined the streets around both venues, anticipating catching a glimpse of Mawlana Hazar Imam. As they flourished Tajikistan’s national flag and the Ismaili flag, Mawlana Hazar Imam climbed to the top of a set of stairs at the Ismaili Centre site and waved back at the gathered crowd.

Later in the day, Mawlana Hazar Imam met with His Excellency Mahmadsaid Ubaidulloev, the Mayor of Dushanbe.

In the evening Mawlana Hazar Imam hosted a reception for diplomats and senior government officials. The reception was followed by an Imamat banquet in honour of the President of Tajikistan, His Excellency Emomali Rahmon.

Friday, 31 October 2008

Mawlana Hazar Imam and the President of Tajikistan, His Excellency Emomali Rahmon, meet at the President’s Office. Photo: Gary Otte

Mawlana Hazar Imam departed Kazakhstan today and travelled to Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan, commencing a six-day visit to the country. He was received by the First Deputy Prime Minister of Tajikistan, His Excellency Asadullo Ghulomov, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs, His Exce

Gary Otte

llency Hamrokhon Zarifi, as well as other senior government ministers and representatives of the Aga Khan Development Network.

Following a formal afternoon meeting with Foreign Minister Zarifi, Mawlana Hazar Imam met with the President of Tajikistan, His Excellency Emomali Rahmon at the President’s Office. The two discussed prevalent trends in the region and recent developments in country. Later in the evening, Mawlana Hazar Imam attended a state banquet hosted by the President in his honour.

Mawlana Hazar Imam’s trip to Tajikistan will include visits to the construction sites of the Ismaili Centre and the Serena Hotel in Dushanbe. In Gorno-Badakshan, Mawlana Hazar Imam will lay the foundation stone for the Khorog Jamatkhana and look in on the adjacent Khorog Park, which is currently being rehabilitated by the Aga Khan Trust for Culture. He will also visit the University of Central Asia’s Vocational Education Centre and is expected to grant Darbars in Porshinev and Ishkashim.

 

Thursday, 30 October 2008

Gary Otte
Mawlana Hazar Imam, Education Minister Tuimebayev, the Akim Umbetovand of the Almaty Oblast, and Akim Busembinov of the Eskeldinski Rayon review plans at the site of the University of Central Asia’s Kazakhstan campus. Photo: Gary Otte

Mr Serik Umbetov, the Akim(Governor) of the Almaty Oblast, Kazakhstan’s largest region, today received Mawlana Hazar Imam against the picturesque mountain backdrop of the regional capital, Taldy Kurgan. Accompanied by Dr Zhanseit Tuimebayev, Kazakhstan’s Minister of Education, Hazar Imam flew to this south-eastern Kazakhstan city before travelling by road to the site where the University of Central Asia’s (UCA) Kazakhstan campus is to be built, near Tekeli.

A working visit followed, during which Mawlana Hazar Imam discussed spatial planning and examined campus views from the promontory overlooking Tekeli with architects from the firm of Arata Isozaki Associates. The Akim (Mayor) of the Eskeldinski Rayon, Mr Sultan Busembinov then presented title deeds for land in the Rayon to UCA’s Director General, Dr Bohdan Krawchenko, in a brief ceremony witnessed by Mawlana Hazar Imam, Education Minister Tuimebayev and the Akim of the Almaty Oblast, Mr Umbetov.

Hundreds of Tekeli’s residents, led by their Akim, Mr Serikjan Beskempirov, had gathered in the town square to greet Mawlana Hazar Imam and the other dignitaries. After opening an exhibition showing the architectural design and site development plans for the UCA campus, the distinguished guests walked across the square to the Tekeli campus of UCA’s School of Professional and Continuing Education (SPCE).

Pausing at stands of the town fair organised for the occasion, Mawlana Hazar Imam acknowledged the applause of the assembled citizenry that included students of the School. Amongst those he met were young alpinists developing local mountain tourism, a subject in which the SPCE is offering courses.

A highlight of Mawlana Hazar Imam’s encounters with a wide range of learners was his meeting with the oldest of the School’s students, a woman aged 74 taking an IT course. During his tour of SPCE, Hazar Imam impressed upon English teachers the value of the study of English to make Kazakh culture — like that of other societies of the Islamic world — more widely accessible.

At a lunch hosted in his honour by the Akim of the Almaty Oblast in Taldy Kurgan, Mawlana Hazar Imam was presented with a ceremonial robe of honour, traditional Kazakh headgear and a dombra (stringed musical instrument) before returning to Astana in the late afternoon.

In the evening, Mawlana Hazar Imam was the guest of honour of the Minister of Education at a private performance of traditional Kazakh and classical Western music.

 

Wednesday, 29 October 2008

Gary Otte
Mawlana Hazar Imam meets with His Excellency President Nursultan Nazarbayev at the Presidential Palace. Photo: Gary Otte

This morning, Mawlana Hazar Imam was received by His Excellency President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan at the Presidential Palace in Astana.

Mawlana Hazar Imam and President Nazarbayev discussed, amongst other things, the regional impact of the current global financial situation.

In his meetings with Kazakhstan’s Prime Minister Karim Massimov, Foreign Minister Marat Tahzin and Education Minister Zhanseit Tuimebayev, Hazar Imam covered a range of topics pertaining to ongoing and future initiatives of the Aga Khan Development Network in the wider region. Addressing the press following his meetings, Mawlana Hazar Imam also noted that he had "come to Kazakhstan to monitor the situation relating to the development of the University of Central Asia” and to discuss "matters of cooperation here, in Kazakhstan and in the Central Asian region.”

Awarding Mawlana Hazar Imam the decoration "Honoured Educator of the Republic of Kazakhstan,” the Minister of Education and Science, Dr Zhanseit Tuimebayev recognised Hazar Imam’s services to Education.

 

Tuesday, 28 October 2008

Gary OtteArriving in Astana at the start of his Golden Jubilee visit to Kazakhstan, Mawlana Hazar Imam is greeted with a traditional Kazakh welcome as government officials look on. Photo: Gary Otte

Commencing a ten-day visit to Central Asia, Mawlana Hazar Imam arrived this evening in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan, where he was received at the airport with a traditional Kazakh welcome from senior government officials and AKDN leaders in the region.

عالمی معاشی بحران

World Leaders Agree to Seek Major Reform عالمی رہنماء بڑے پیمانے پر اصلاح کی راہ تلاش کرنے پر رضامند 

Group Pledges Cooperation to Restore Growth

By Glenn Kessler and Anthony Faiola
Washington Post Staff Writers
Sunday, November 16, 2008; A01

World leaders holding an emergency meeting to combat the economic crisis agreed yesterday to a far-reaching action plan that, over the next 4 1/2 months, would begin to reshape international financial institutions and reform worldwide regulatory and accounting rules.

The leaders’ 11-page statement spoke of broad principles, leaving the details to be worked out by lower-level aides before another summit meeting in April, after Barack Obama assumes the presidency. But the gathering in Washington of the nearly two dozen nations — from every region of the world — reflected the new balance of power emerging in the aftermath of a financial crisis that has devastated even well-run economies, a wrenching process that British Prime Minister Gordon Brown has dubbed "the birth pangs of this new global order.”

Under the plans outlined by the leaders, countries such as China, Brazil and India would gain greater roles and responsibilities as part of a restructuring of the international financial system, while European leaders won a commitment to new regulations and controls on banks, rating agencies and exotic financial securities. The leaders also agreed that a dramatic failure of market oversight in "some advanced countries” was among the root causes of the financial crisis, an implicit rebuke of the United States.

"I’m a free market person,” President Bush told reporters after the summit ended, "until you’re told that if you don’t take decisive measures then it’s conceivable that our country could go into a depression greater than the Great Depression.”

The Europeans got "virtually everything” they sought at the summit, French President Nicholas Sarkozy crowed afterward at a news conference. He said it had been difficult to persuade Bush to hold the summit, but the results were worth it. "America is still the No. 1 power in the world,” he noted. "Is it the only one? No, it isn’t.”

The leaders, representing the Group of 20 economic powers, Spain, the Netherlands, the United Nations and other international organizations, met over dinner at the White House on Friday. They then continued their discussions yesterday arrayed in a square in the central hall of the 19th-century National Building Museum, beneath soaring 159-foot high ceilings.

"We are determined to enhance our cooperation and work together to restore global growth and achieve needed reforms in the world’s financial systems,” the leaders declared in their communique.

The leaders agreed to set up a new regulatory body, "a college of supervisors,” to examine the books of major financial institutions that operate across national borders, so regulators could begin to have a more complete picture of banks’ operations. They demanded greater scrutiny of hedge funds and the completion of a clearinghouse system to help standardize and limit risk on some of the opaque and exotic financial derivatives that helped bring down Wall Street‘s investment banks.

Leaders also agreed to submit their countries’ financial systems to regular, vigorous reviews by the International Monetary Fund — assessments that some countries, including the United States, had long resisted. And they urged new constraints on the pay schemes at financial firms that "reward excessive short-term returns or risk-taking.”

Sarkozy was especially pleased by the mention of executive compensation, though the communique noted that action could be voluntary or regulatory in nature. "Have you ever seen in the Anglo-Saxon world even discussion to have rating agencies downgrade the banks where executive compensation has [encouraged] them to take too much risk? I have never seen it,” he said.

Senior Bush administration officials played down Sarkozy’s comments, arguing that the agreement yesterday did not signify a "pro-regulatory” shift by the administration but rather an acknowledgement that the regulatory system needed to be updated. They spoke on condition of anonymity under ground rules set by the White House.

Obama stayed away from the summit, though the White House extensively briefed one of his senior advisers on the deliberations and two of the president-elect’s representatives met with 17 leaders or their top aides on the sidelines. Many sections in the communique may please Obama, but at least one pledge to which Bush agreed — a 12-month hiatus on protectionist measures — could be viewed as limiting his options.

Many leaders frown on Obama’s calls to bail out the auto industry as a form of protectionism. The section of the communique on the issue of protectionism prompted fierce debate, with discussions dragging on until 11 p.m. Friday, in a pitched battle between France and the United States, diplomats said.

Sarkozy, diplomats present at the summit said, was the slowest to commit to a moratorium on protectionist measures and a reaffirmation of free trade, flustering some of the developing world leaders whose nations have been badly hit by a drop-off in exports as the global economy slows. Sources said other leaders, including Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper, spoke out against Sarkozy’s calls for broad global regulation, arguing that even in progressive Canada, the idea would be seen as violating national sovereignty.

"Here you had everyone at the table trying to come together, and Sarkozy was out there trying to write the world according to Sarkozy,” said a senior diplomat present at the summit. "It was not helpful.”

Obama, in the Democratic Party‘s weekly radio address, commended Bush yesterday for holding the summit and also called for a new fiscal stimulus package — which Bush has resisted. On that issue, the communique leaned toward Obama’s position, calling for "using fiscal measures to stimulate domestic demand to rapid effect, as appropriate.”

"Whereas five or six weeks ago you had coordinated central bank cuts, now it’s moving to the fiscal side, and I think the U.S. can speak for its own position . . . but it is my own judgment that you will see a major fiscal expansion under the president-elect’s administration,” World Bank President Robert Zoellick, who attended the summit, said in an interview.

Dominique Strauss-Kahn, managing director of the IMF, who also attended, called for nations to approve a fiscal stimulus equal to 2 percent of gross domestic product. Such a move, he said, would result in a 2 percent increase in growth. When asked where fiscal stimulus was need, he said, "everywhere, everywhere where it is possible.”

During the talks, developing countries demanded a greater role in elite financial institutions, and the conference’s communique called for the immediate expansion of the Financial Stability Forum to a "broader membership of emerging economies.”

The Swiss-based organization brings together finance ministry officials and central bankers, but while it includes Singapore and Hong Kong, China is not yet a member. In what one diplomat said was a contentious debate, Brazil and China demanded that they should be represented on the FSF.

The communique also said that, over time, the IMF and other global institutions "must be comprehensively reformed so that they can more adequately reflect changing economic weights in the world economy.”

Traditionally, global economic shocks would be handled by the Group of Seven — the United States, Britain, France, Germany, Japan, Canada, Italy — or the G-7 and Russia, known as the G-8. The G-20 folds the G-8 into a larger group that includes emerging economies — China, Brazil, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia and South Africa among them.

"We are talking about the G-20 because the G-8 doesn’t have anymore reason to exist. In other words, the emerging economies have to be taken into consideration in today’s globalized world,” Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva said as he headed to the session.

At the meeting, Chinese President Hu Jintao called for "a new international financial order that is fair, just, inclusive and orderly,” according to a translation of his remarks. Hu, however, did not address demands from Western countries that China use some of its $2 trillion in reserves to bolster the IMF.

In an interview, British Chancellor Alistair Darling said that it is not appropriate now to talk about changes in the power structure of the IMF, including possible adjustments to voting, or quota, rights. He said that it is most important that countries with surpluses contribute as much as they can. "I think people should be less concerned at the moment about quota and therefore voice than actually making sure the IMF’s got money in the till,” he said. "What I’d say to them is, I understand that, but there’s a bigger prize here.”

The communique minced no words in outlining the causes of the crisis, blaming "weak underwriting standards, unsound risk-management practices, increasingly complex and opaque financial products and consequent excessive leverage.” While many nations have blamed the United States for failing to monitor excesses in the securities markets, the communique diplomatically did not.

A British official, speaking on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak publicly, said U.S officials privately acknowledged their role in the crisis. "The U.S. threw up their hands and said that our subprime mortgage industry left a lot to be desired,” the official said. "But there was determination not to have any finger-pointing.”

No decision has been made on where the next summit will be held. Sarkozy publicly recommended London because Britain will chair the G-20 in 2009.

Staff writers David Cho and Amit Paley contributed to this report.